The equipment will be essential in monitoring deforestation areas in the Amazon
Feb 20, Sao Paulo: The Amazonia 1 satellite, the first Earth observation satellite completely designed, integrated, tested and operated by Brazil, will be launched on the 28th, at the Sriharikota Launch Center, in India.
In orbit, it will provide more accurate data with better resolution of areas affected by environmental crimes. Every 5 days, an image will be generated, and this data can be used to monitor areas of deforestation, especially in the Amazon region.
The project was developed at the National Institute for Space Research (Inpe) in partnership with the Brazilian Space Agency and is coordinated by the Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovations.
The president of the Brazilian Space Agency, Carlos Moura, says that the satellite weighs approximately 650 kg and will be at more than 700 km of altitude. “It represents a significant milestone because it was completely conceived, his systems engineering is completely national, and he incorporates an optical camera, also developed in Brazil. In a way, then, it gives us practically full autonomy in terms of Earth observation with this resolution, ” he reinforced.
The project has a set of equipment such as energy and thermal control systems capable of controlling and stabilizing the camera's operation. According to Carlos Moura, the development of the satellite is the starting point for new creations and a milestone for the Brazilian aerospace trajectory. “Being able to develop your own satellite, covering the different systems, is really an important gain for our autonomy.”
Launch in India
This will be the third Brazilian remote sensing satellite in operation. Brazil already has CBERS-4 and CBERS-4A. Amazonia 1 will be launched by the PSLV vehicle, developed by the Indian Space Research Organization.
The choice of India as the country for launch is the result of an international bidding process, carried out in 2020. The president of the Brazilian Space Agency, Carlos Moura, explained that, while there are no companies operating satellite launch vehicles at the Alcântara base - which is foreseen to occur by 2022 - international bids are required to choose a launch vehicle.
On December 22, 2020, the Amazon 1 modules shipped to India to be assembled. 52 special containers were needed to safely transport the equipment.
Read more from the below Tags-